New York, May 27 (IPS) – The last few weeks have brought optimism to the climate front. It began on April 18 with the US-China Declaration on Climate Cooperation. It was then voted by the EU Parliament to cut emissions by 55% by 2030, the UK promised a 4% cut by 2035, Japan made its commitment based on 2013 levels and US President Biden’s pledge. Almost doubled from % to 46%. 50–52% reduction, that too by 2030 (compared to 2005 levels).
As such reductions provide a clear path to limit the temperature rise, only the most enthusiastic cynic would deny that this is a great start to the run up to Glasgow. Not to mention a declaration by a court in the Netherlands as we wrote this article (26 May) that Shell would need to reduce its carbon emissions by 45% by 2030 by 2019 levels, resulting in fossil fuels There may be a wave of court action against him. Companies.
Now an important question is how do we use the Glasgow Climate Summit to build the good intentions of governments?
As we noted in a recent article published in IPS, the limitations of in-person meetings in a COVID-hit world are a particular problem for such a complex, high-stakes process. The bureau, which manages the preparation process for Glasgow, recently announced its intention to hold virtual “informal meetings” starting next week. While we welcome the resumption of such discussions under the umbrella of the United Nations and can see the benefit of online discussions, this is all we will get.
We hope that diplomats, key stakeholders and journalists will be able to meet in person before the formal start of the Glasgow summit, perhaps under a ‘bubble’ in Italy in October (which is hosting the G20 on 30 and 31 October) and UK (which is hosting the summit from 1–12 November).
The current work being done on the COVID vaccine passport should make such in-person ceremonies quite possible, with the EU planning to introduce them in recent days in early July. In addition, the UK’s proposal to provide vaccination to delegations from developing countries is a welcome step. And should be expanded to other stakeholders.
National Stakeholders Climate Alliance
What else can help advance Glasgow’s lead? We would advocate that stakeholder coalitions can play an important role at the national level.
Such coalitions have already shown their value. In 2017, Michael Bloomberg and former California Governor Jerry Brown launched the America Pledge and America All in Coalition in response to President Trump’s announcement that the United States would pull out of the Paris climate agreement.
The America Is All In Coalition has now grown to 147 cities, 1157 businesses, 3 states, 2 tribal nations and nearly 500 universities, faith groups, cultural institutions and health organizations. It is a powerful and still growing coalition committed to helping reduce emissions levels by at least 50% by 2005 by 2030.
During this, Intensify America’s pledge– A report published in 2020 by Bloomberg Philanthropy – not only identifies areas where work needs to be done, but also progress to date. This work has helped build a strong foundation for President Biden’s recent announcement of a US nationally determined contribution at a 2005 level reduction of 52% in 2030.
Such partnerships and pledges are happening internationally as well. In 2019, the Climate Ambition Alliance for Cities, Regions and Trade reported commitments to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.
The alliance, which includes 992 businesses, 449 cities, 21 regions, 505 universities and 38 largest investors, has made an important pledge as it represents economic stakeholders covering a quarter of global carbon emissions. This type of coalition helped pave the way for national governments and others to achieve similar goals.
Such alliances can also be a model for how stakeholders can act in Glasgow’s lead. The welcome promises of many governments can be supported by a coalition of key national stakeholders and held more accountable.
For example, imagine what national coalitions of stakeholders in the world’s 20 largest emitting countries can do when it comes to ensuring that governments have clear, actionable policies and finance to achieve promised cuts We follow our promises with nutrition.
In addition, national stakeholders can encourage coalition governments to submit new, more ambitious pledges, the so-called Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), led by Glasgow.
Where a government is lagging, such national alliances can help to keep pressure on their commitments for their city, region or business sector.
Such alliances have also received strong support from the United Nations. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres urged in March, “All countries, companies, cities and financial institutions must commit to net zero with clear and credible plans to achieve this.”
independent monitoring and verification
One specific area stakeholder coalition can play a role – both on the domestic and international scene – is in the emphasis on continuous monitoring, measurement and reporting of emissions. This is an area that was not resolved by the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015, and yet it is important if we have to ensure full transparency and accountability in fulfilling government promises.
The Glasgow summit will at least be judged in that it not only serves as a catalyst for greater ambition in reduction of emissions, but ensures that they are constantly being measured. Some countries, especially developing countries, will require significant financial support for such works, and this should be another consequence of Glasgow.
The United Nations-backed Race to Zero campaign is playing a useful role in the region. The largest coalition of non-state actors committed to achieving net zero emissions before 2050, Race to Zero, recently published a report setting criteria on how stakeholders can set, measure and report on net zero commitments Huh.
Interestingly, the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero, a conglomerate of 160 financial institutions with a net worth of US$70 trillion, is taking a similar approach.
Mark Carney, United Nations Special Envoy for Climate Action and Finance and Prime Minister Johnson’s Climate Finance Advisor for COP26, is chairing this new group.
If these national alliances are to be taken seriously, independent monitoring and verification of national as well as international may be required. Reporting and verification should be done annually.
Collaboration in our cities could be the key to unlocking Glasgow’s potential
Cities can be critical to the success of Glasgow. UN-Habitat Executive Director, Maimunah Mohammad Sharif said, “Cities use a large portion of the world’s energy supply and are responsible for about 70 percent of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, which are trapped in heat and As a result the Earth’s are warmed up. ” In 2019.
Starting in the cities of the 20 top emitters could be a good first step in aligning national stakeholders to the Paris Climate Agreement. Cities not only have the potential to become a powerful engine for change; They can move the world forward, even when a country lacks national political leadership or is affected by a change in direction after an election.
Recent positive announcements for strong NDCs should be applauded by some governments. However, only when all stakeholders become more involved and involved will we be able to build a sustainable way of living together on this ‘Only one earth’ We have.
Felix Dodds Is a Sustainable Development Advocate and Writer. His new book Tomorrow People and New Technologies: Changing the Way We Live Our Lives will be released in September. He is the co-author of Only One Earth with Maurice Strong and Michael Strauss and is negotiating Sustainable Development Goals with Ambassadors David Donoghue and Jimena Leiva Roche.
Chris Spence Is an environmental consultant, author and author of the book, Global Warming: Personal Solutions for a Healthy Planet. He is a veteran of many COP and other UNFCCC negotiations over the last three decades.
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