Robert Kaplan, president of the Dallas Federal Reserve, citing potential excesses in the housing market and other inflation signals, indicated that the central bank should begin to slowly pull back on its asset purchase program.
The Fed is still buying at least $ 120 billion in bonds each month, including a total of $ 40 billion in mortgage-backed securities, with many officials saying it has at least eased historically aggressive injections into the fixed-income market It’s time to start discussing.
In an interview with CNBC on Thursday afternoon, Kaplan reiterated his call for a gradual change in policy.
“Unlike a year ago at this stage, for example these mortgage purchases may have some unintended consequences and side effects, which I think we need to weigh against efficacy,” he said in a live “closing bell” discussion. Said during. “Therefore, I think some moderation and restraint as we move towards addressing this pandemic, I think, will be useful in reducing some of these excesses and imbalances.”
Kaplan is not a voting member of the Federal Open Market Committee on policy making, but he does have input into its decisions. So far, only a handful of Fed officials have come out in favor of reducing asset purchases. San Francisco Fed Chair Mary Daly, who votes, told CNBC earlier this week that she thinks the policy is okay.
However, pressure is on the Fed as inflation is rising.
Although housing sales were lower in March, prices declined sharply as dwindling inventory and heated competition are driving up prices. Kaplan said home buyers will now have to compete against investors even for single-family homes.
With mortgage rates still low, Kaplan said the Fed can now pull back and help correct the imbalance.
“Soon afterwards I think it would be wise to start talking about moderating some of these purchases that we make during the crisis. I think maybe the efficacy of these versus side effects, I think, is the balance. That is changing because ’emerging from the crisis and progressing,’ he said.
Kaplan cited “cross-currents” in different parts of the business world, indicating that inflationary pressures may be more persistent than many of his peers. These include the need for higher capital expenditure in many industries as well as government infrastructure spending and a shift to more energy efficient technology that will alter supply and demand dynamics.
“Coming out of this epidemic, I think we’ve got some paradigm shifts,” he said. “There’s no textbook for this. You don’t want to be so preemptive that you stall recovery. On the other hand, you don’t want to take so long that you’re behind the curve.”
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